Research Paper Writing: A step by step guide.

Writing a research paper is a complex task. There are too many technical and structural details that we have to take care of. Writing a research paper is not a single task it is a process of multiple tasks that one has to do. It's not only about the subject knowledge, but one should be proper with the formatting of research paper. It has a lot of information, but which part should be written in which section is a matter of concern. The major three parts of research paper writing are Pre-writing, Writing and Post-writing. For all of these things, let's see what the process of research paper writing includes.

  1. Assignment Clarification: Assignment clarification is all about understanding the assignment in which one should note the due dates and should be clear with the evaluation criteria. Underlining the directional statements can clarify may things.
  2. Time Management: Writing a research paper is a lengthy job. One should have proper distribution of time for different tasks. Research paper has different sections and each section takes different amount of time to complete so one should set how much time he/she has to give for which section. Making weekly or daily basis, priority list can really help.
  3. Topic Selection: Topic selection is a crucial process in writing of research paper. One should prefer a topic in which he/she has expertise or some of previous knowledge. Choosing a topic of your interest will help in exploring more and more knowledge in it. While selecting a topic one should consider that he could find ample amount of content on that topic or not.

4. Topic Brainstorm: Brainstorming a topic is basically thinking on it and having ideas about how you can do research on it in multiple approaches. One can use different brainstorming strategies like Clustering, in which, you put your topic in the center and make a web of ideas around it. Clustering your ideas, lets you see them visually in a different way, so that you can more readily understand possible directions your paper may take. Another technique one can use is Listing. Listing is a technique in which one lists all the terms related to the topic this will help to make a flow with topic and it’s possible sub topics. Listing is helpful when your topic is really broad so you can narrow it down.

5. Library Visit: Library visit means finding resources or research papers related to your topic so you can have some understanding about it. There are multiple websites from which you can access lots of research papers. for example, or etc. these sites allow user to search different research papers by their date, author or title.

6. Survey Sources: A survey is necessary to understand the topic of that research paper. To do this survey multiple resources are available like the websites mentioned in previous points. Majority times one can get pretty much information by reading only the Abstract of a research paper or charts and statistical data used in it. In this way one can have a lot resources for doing survey.

7. Topic Focus: Whatever information you gathered by doing surveys or brainstorming the topic, all that information you should be using to focus on the main topic. In whole paper you should not go out of track.

Continous Reading

8. Reading Articles: Research paper has a format, to understand that format you need to read more and more other research papers. The more you read abstracts, summery and sections of others the more you get clarified on what exactly you should write.

9. Discovering a Preliminary Thesis: This includes creating a thesis statement. A thesis statement has three parts Topic, Focused topic and thesis question. Mixing these three you have to make a thesis statement. For example, 1.Topic: Technology and consumerism. 2.Focused Topic: the way television impacted consumerism within the nuclear family from the mid 50’s to the early 60’s 3.Thesis Question: How did television target nuclear families and promote specific consumer habits and values? Thesis Statement: Television programs and advertisements during the 1950’s promoted consumer habits that promised to support domestic happiness within the nuclear family.

10. Outline: Outline of research paper is making a list of topics in detail. Which parts to include and which to not. You should make a spacial not for concepts that must come in outline. The basic idea of an outline is given in picture below:

Outline of research paper

11. Draft: Drafting a paper means writing a rough copy of it, where you write a lot of information about topic in points like how they are going to be in the final copy. You articulate and integrate all information you got by different sources in that draft.

12. Integrating Sources: While writing a research paper, you have to refer a lot authors and resources, but you have to also mention them in your paper. Integrating these resources is needed as they can be renowned authors. You should integrate a source neatly with necessary information.

13. Revision: After writing the paper, you must revise it thoroughly in which you should check document format, cohesion and also grammar, punctuations and voices.

14. Source of help: There are many sources available if you need. You can take help of your professors, Librarians, Published authors or the vast internet. You can get whatever help you want.

These were some detailed steps describing the process of writing a research paper. If one follows these steps correctly, he/she can write an excellent research paper.